Management at the 2000 Alberta Classic


In 1999 your young birds were arriving daily for three weeks, making any kind of medication program difficult. The biggest problems by far are E.coli and canker due to low immunity in the young pigeon. To do an effective job while the little guys are arriving, one would have to treat for four weeks which would not be appreciated by the first ones to arrive. To solve this problem we'll do the following for the year 2000: any bird arriving will spend the first week in a small quarantine loft where they are medicated with Emtryl/Ridzol S or some other suitable product. This will also allow me to keep a closer eye on them. After this week they will be put into the big loft and should do well. If I were to send birds to any derby, I would consider vaccinating them against PMV (at least one well-known fancier did this and can be done as early as 3 weeks of age) and salmonellosis.

Medications:

microscopeA microscope is a very useful toy for diagnosing some ailments such as coccidiosis, worms or canker where nothing in the throat may be visible to the naked eye. All birds will spend the first week in a quarantine loft where they are medicated against trichomoniasis with the 4 ml Emtryl - 5ml Ridzol S - 20ml vinegar / 4l water combination. Since each of these 2 drugs strengthens the effect of the other, up to 40% less than the usual dose is required to be effective ( T. Mohr,DVM ). This decreases the toxicity of either drug. Furthermore, the combination is much more effective against resistant strains of trichomonas gallinae.
The birds entered will be transferred to the derby loft proper after this first week and have the duration of daylight reduced to 9 hours/day. The water will contain a teaspoon of bleach/ gallon as advocated by various authorities. Feed is offered twice per day, water is offered at least twice per day and left until all are finished drinking. It is then discarded. For a mineral/grit mixture they get oyster shells mixed with black soil from my field. The birds seem to like it.

00-05-27: Polytonin A Super Booster( 3 ml/4 l water )

00-05-28: 4 ml Ridzol S + 4 ml Emtryl + 20 ml vinegar per 4l water

00-05-31: The treatment against canker has to be interrupted as a couple of youngsters got sick with adenovirus - E. coli complex.
New medication: "Polytonin A Superbooster No 1" ( vitamins + penicillin + streptomycin ): 1ml/l water.
At least half a dozen birds vomited last night.

00-06-01: 0181 & 2224 arrowfuneral
There was no vomiting visible last night and the droppings have improved greatly.

00-06-01: This evening 2 other birds were sitting there with crops full of water and rapidly deteriorating. Each of them received 150 000 IU penicillin IM with a gauge 20 needle. This may seem brutal but so is the disease.

00-06-02:Both birds are still alive and doing better this morning.
Gave a shot of penicillin to 2 more birds in the evening. They were not bad yet but did have too much water in the crop. The other 2 are improving further.

00-06-03:The appetite is returning for the individually treated ones and the prognosis looks therefore good. Any bird which looks "sleepy" is checked and if too much water is found in the crop, it will get 0.5 ml "PENDURE NEAT" IM into the pectoralis muscle with a gage 20 needle.
All the other birds look good now and are still receiving "Polytonin A Super Booster" in the water.

00-06-05: I was hoping that the Super Booster would be enough to suppress that infection enough to stop it from spreading but since the odd new case shows up it obviously is inadequate. The formulation does look good theoretically, though. Vitamins are added to compensate for the loss of vitamins normally synthesized by the normal intestinal bacterial flora. Streptomycin is not absorbed from the GIT and therefore affects only the bacterial flora of the GIT. Penicillin and Streptomycin interact synergistically and therefore potentiate the effect of each other. The disadvantage is that bacteria develop resistance to Streptomycin very rapidly.
The medication is now changed to Amoxicillin 1500 mg / 4 l water + Vit.C(500 mg/4 l water).

00-06-06:The shot of penicillin was like a miracle in the beginning but it no longer works. It's hard to believe that things can change so fast.Trimethoprim/sulfa will be used instead if necessary.

00-06-07:The beneficial effect of amoxicillin is noticeable.

00-06-09: The birds have a good appetite and are just waiting for the cold (6oC) rains to stop so that I can let them out.

00-06-11: Bleach is in the water now and live yogurt on the feed to replenish the bacterial flora.

00-06-13: 3733 and 2601 arrowfuneral adenovirus and E.coli is still affecting the few birds which are susceptible to it. Our medication was only affective to postpone the inevitable. Yet, amoxicillin and trimethoprim/sulfadoxine, drugs advocated by Dr. Marx for this condition, could not eradicate the problem. I will not subject the 90% healthy birds to another course of treatment for the 10% which may die. I will let nature take its course and perhaps help us by selecting the ones with a well functioning immune system. The aim of the Alberta Classic is to test and select. The cream always does rise to the top. Nevertheless, I will keep you informed in this diary about the progress.The breeder of any bird which dies can enter one free of charge in next year's Alberta Classic, "the racing pigeon testing station".

00-06-14: 0436 arrowfuneral There was vomit on 5 perches for which reason we may expect more to go. The birds are still getting 750gm yogurt/day as well as the bleach in the water.

00-06-16: Stopped the yogurt but continue with the bleach at 2.5 teaspoons / Canadian gallon.

00-06-23: Add 2 tsp Polytonin A Complex vitamins, 375 gm yogurt, and 150 x 106 lactobacilli to 3.5 kg feed for a few days.

00-06-25: 2 drops/bird of Ivomec. 1tsp/4.5l water Ridzol-S for 5 days

00-07-02: Stopped Ridzol-S; add 2 tsp Polytonin A Complex vitamins, 375 gm yogurt, and 150 x 106 lactobacilli to 3.5 kg feed for a few days.

00-07-20: Add 2 tsp Polytonin A Complex vitamins, 375 gm yogurt, and 150 x 106 lactobacilli to 3.5 kg feed.

00-07-21: 1tsp Ridzol-S / gallon water for 5 days.

00-07-26: Add 2 tsp Polytonin A Complex vitamins, 375 gm yogurt, and 150 x 106 lactobacilli to 3.5 kg feed.

00-07-28: Add 2 tsp Polytonin A Complex vitamins, 375 gm yogurt, and 150 x 106 lactobacilli to 3.5 kg feed.

00-07-30: Add 2 tsp Polytonin A Complex vitamins, 375 gm yogurt, and 150 x 106 lactobacilli to 3.5 kg feed.

00-08-05: 1tsp polytonin A complex vitamins & electrolytes per gallon water.

00-08-06: 1tsp polytonin A complex vitamins & electrolytes per gallon water.

00-08-07: 1tsp polytonin A complex vitamins & electrolytes per gallon water.

00-08-08: 1tsp polytonin A complex vitamins & electrolytes per gallon water.

00-08-09: 1tsp polytonin A complex vitamins & electrolytes per gallon water.

00-08-10: 1tsp polytonin A complex vitamins & electrolytes per gallon water.

00-08-15: 1 tsp Ridzol-S and ¾ tsp Emtryl per gallon water.

00-08-16:Add 2 tsp Polytonin A Complex vitamins, 375 gm yogurt, and 150 x 106 lactobacilli to 3.5 kg feed.

00-08-17: 1tsp polytonin A complex vitamins & electrolytes per gallon water.

00-08-19: 1tsp polytonin A complex vitamins & electrolytes & 1tbsp honey per gallon water.

00-08-20 until 00-08-25: 1tsp polytonin A complex vitamins & electrolytes per gallon water.

00-08-27 until 00-08-29: 1tsp polytonin A complex vitamins & electrolytes per gallon water.

The Problem: A couple of birds with runny and slimy droppings:

00-09-02: 0.2ml Baycox/bird arrow no improvement

00-09-03: 2 drops Ivomec/bird arrow no improvement

00-09-04 until 00-09-06 1tsp Ridzol-S / gallon water arrow excellent improvement!

00-09-07: 1tsp polytonin A complex vitamins & electrolytes per gallon water.

00-09-08: 2g vit. C per gallon water.

00-09-09 until 00-09-14: 1tsp polytonin A complex vitamins & electrolytes per gallon water.

00-09-15 until 00-09-17: 1 tbsp honey + 1 tbsp molasses + 2 tbsp cider vinegar + 2gm vitamin C per gallon water.


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